Friday, October 22, 2010

A Very Brief History of Web (continue)

  • the Web was an obscure, European research tool until 1993
  • in 1993, Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina (at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, a unit of the University of Illinois) developed Mosaic, one of the early graphical Web browsers that popularized the WWW for the general public (Erwise was the first one, ViolaWWW the second)
    • the intuitive, clickable interface helped make hypertext accessible to the masses
    • made the integration of multimedia (images, video, sound, …) much easier
    • Andreessen left NCSA to found Netscape in 1994
      • cheap/free browser further popularized the Web (75% market share in 1996)
  • in 1995, Microsoft came out with Internet Explorer
  • Opera web browser released in 1996
  • Netscape bought by AOL in 1998 for US$4.2 billion in stock 
  • Firefox web browser, version 1.0, released in 2004

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