Friday, October 22, 2010

A Very Brief History of Web

The idea of hypertext (cross-linked and inter-linked documents) traces back to Vannevar Bush in the 1940's
  • online hypertext systems began to be developed in 1960's 
    • e.g., Andy van Dam's FRESS, Doug Englebert's NLS
  • in 1987, Apple introduced HyperCard

In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee at the European Particle Physics Laboratory (CERN) designed a hypertext system for linking documents over the Internet
  • designed a (Non-WYSIWYG) language for specifying document content
    • evolved into HyperText Markup Language (HTML) 
  • designed a protocol for downloading documents and interpreting the content
    • evolved into HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
  • implemented the first browser -- text-based, no embedded media
                              the Web was born! 

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